Nigeria: 11 countries that split up
Nigeria: 11 countries that split up. Nigerian Northern and Southern regions have been on the verge of splitting up for years. There is the infamous Biafran Civil war and more recently youth from either region campaigning for the separation of both regions.
While many are not in support of Nigeria splitting up, if this split happens, Nigeria will not be the first country to split up. Whether over cultural differences or civil dispute, here are 11 countries that split up.
1. East Germany and West Germany
One of the most recent and notorious examples of a country that split up before eventually reuniting is the case of East and West Germany. From 1949 – 1990, West and East Germany existed as two sovereign countries which came to be divided by “The Berlin Wall” in 1960.
After World War 2, Germany was split into two by opposing ideologies (Communism vs anti-communism) and stripped of its war gains. However, West Germany quickly became prosperous, while East Germany suffered economically. This disparity in wealth led many to flee East Germany to West Germany for work and opportunities. The Berline wall’s erection was the government’s way of curbing this drain of skilled labour. Eventually, after 8 years of negotiation, West and East Germany reunited as Germany once again.
Mesopotamia is an ancient kingdom that dates back to the biblical era. After years of being annexed by other more powerful empires, Mesopotamia has been culturally split and eventually went on to be split into five countries today known as Iraq, Kuwait, and parts of Iran, Syria, and Turkey.
Another famous example of a recent country that split up is Czechoslovakia. According to Wikipedia, Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia, was a sovereign state in Central Europe, created in October 1918, when it declared its independence from Austria-Hungary. The country was eventually dissolved in 1993 and became the independent countries of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Yugoslavia was a country in Southeast Europe and Central Europe that came into existence after World War I in 1918. From then till 2001, the country was annexed and suffered multiple civil wars before it was split into five independent countries known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Republic of Croatia, Republic of Slovenia, Republic of Macedonia and Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Many often wonder why there are two Congos in Africa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Congo. The two Congos were split from the same region close to the Congo river after they were colonized by two different European countries. Congo-Brazzaville was formerly colonized by the French. After gaining independence the country officially became the Republic of the Congo. While The Democratic Republic of Congo gained its independence under the Belgium rulers in 1960. After its independence, it became known as the Republic of Zaire between 1960 until 1997.
6. Abyssinia AKA Ethiopian Empire
The Ethiopian Empire was one of the few countries in Africa that were never colonized by Europeans. This is not to say the region was not put under attack. Attacks by European armies eventually led to the Build up to the Abyssinian Crisis in 1935. The region was eventually dissolved in 1974 and split into the countries today know as The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Eritrea. The kingdom existed for approximately 504 years.
The countries known as North Korea and South Korea today were once unified as a country called Choson. The history of North Korea began at the end of World War II in 1945. The surrender of Japan led to the division of Korea at the 38th parallel, with the Soviet Union occupying the north, and the United States occupying the south. The Soviet Union and the United States failed to agree on a way to unify the country, and in 1948 they established two separate governments – the Soviet-aligned Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Western-aligned Republic of Korea – each claiming to be the legitimate government of all of Korea. North and South Korea are to this day two different countries.
8. French Equatorial Africa
French Equatorial Africa was a French colony in the late 1800s and early 1900s, located in the area now occupied by the countries of Cameroon, Gabon, The Congo, The Central African Republic Chad and Sudan.
9. German East Africa
German East Africa was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, the Tanzania mainland, and the Kionga Triangle, a small region later incorporated into Mozambique. The region existed till 1919.
10. Southern Rhodesia
The Colony of Southern Rhodesia was a landlocked self-governing British Crown colony in southern Africa, established in 1923 and consisting of British South Africa Company territories lying south of the Zambezi River. Today the region makes up part of Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Zanzibar is a region that has come to be reunified with Tanzania, but before this the region had a history of being colonized by both Islamic and Christian settlers. It briefly became an independent country in 1963 before it reunited with Tanzania and remains a part of the country till today.
Serbia and Montenegro
In 2006, Montenegro seceded from the union, following an independence referendum that narrowly passed, leading to the full independence of Serbia and Montenegro.
Sudan and South Sudan
South Sudan is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa. It gained independence from the Republic of Sudan in 2011, making it the most recent sovereign state or country with widespread recognition.
From the list, we can see some splits led to more success and stability while some ruined the region. What do you think would happen to Southern and Northern Nigeria if it split up? What do you think about this “Nigeria: 11 countries that split up”? Kindly comment below! To see 7 apocalyptic predictions by climate scientists we are already seeing, click here.
Original Story/ Image credit: U.S. Department of Defense